First the good news: The Federal Communications Commission is gearing up to auction portions of the nationâ€™s airwaves for wireless use.Â This is the Commissionâ€™s first auction since 2008 and its success is vital.Â Whatâ€™s at stake is nothing short of our ability to continue the social and economic progress made possible by our mobile revolution.
Now the bad news: with much at stake in these auctions, we may face poor policymaking that could jeopardize their success. Whatever legislation the Congress passes must accomplish a few goals:
1)Â Â Â Auction authority should be sufficiently tailored to avoid further delay resulting from judicial review; and
2)Â Â Â The auctions must actually help Latino businesses by spurring investmentÂ and innovation, and address the spectrum crunch that threatens Latinos and other communities who have most benefitted from the expansion of wireless services.
As background, these auctions will include portions of wireless spectrum being vacated by TV broadcasters.Â The FCCâ€™s goal is to allocate more spectrum to mobile communication so our webpages load faster and our calls go through the first time.Â So far, so good.
But hereâ€™s the issue: Instead of opening the auctions to all companies that can afford to participate, some seem to favor â€œauctionsâ€ which limit who bids and who doesnâ€™t.
Remember, the proceeds of winning bids go to the U.S. Treasury– needed revenue to address Americaâ€™s hefty budget deficit and fund our national priorities. Â Conducting auctions deliberately structured to bring in less revenue to the American treasury may not be a good place to start.
The FCC has treated spectrum similarly in the past to mixed results.
Back in 2008, for example, the FCC succumbed to pressure from Google and a host of self-styled â€œconsumerâ€ groups and decided to impose conditions on the use of a portion of the airwaves called C Block.Â That action drove away potential bidders andÂ resulted in a loss of billions of dollars to taxpayers.Â The uncertainty associated with the FCCâ€™s C Block â€œopen handsetâ€ conditions devalued the spectrum and reduced the proceeds of auction.
Even more depressing were the mid-1990s PCS C Block auctions in which only companies cherry-picked by the FCC were allowed to bid.Â If a company wasn’t on the list, they couldnâ€™t bid (For background on the FCCâ€™s â€œdesignated entityâ€ program, clickÂ here).
What happened?Â More than half of the nearly 500 airwave licenses in that â€œauctionâ€ wereÂ returned for non-payment.Â Meanwhile, licenses held by that yearâ€™s big winner,Â NextWave, wound up in years of bankruptcy litigation that went all the way to the Supreme Court, ultimately costing taxpayers additional billions.
Now look at the potential human cost.Â The Digital Divide is still with us.Â For many, especially Latinos, wireless is helping to bridge that divide.Â (For more about that, clickÂ here.)Â But no one will be helped if this auctioned spectrum lies unused for years because the winning company doesnâ€™t use it.
Weâ€™ve become a nation that revels in smartphones.Â More than 30 percent of Americaâ€™s households have only wireless phones,Â according to a federal report last December.Â Among the 25-29 age group, that figure is an eye-popping 58%.
These wireless auctions, likely to take place in 2013, are too important to be poorly designed.Â There is far too much at stake — for Latinos, for the nation as a whole and for anyone depending on wireless to close the Digital Divide.
Jason A. Llorenz, Esq. is Executive Director of the Hispanic Technology and Telecommunications Partnership (HTTP)Â www.httponline.org Twitter: @hispanicttp.